Kuru [ Publications ]

kuru [ Publications ]

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  • The density and rapid growth of population are Rwanda's most pressing national problem. the magnitude of the population problem cannot be adequately grasped without consideration of soil exhaustion and insufficient productivity of agricultural lands and the nutritional and health problems of the population. All citizens and authorities of Rwanda must respond at once to the need to increase production and control demographic growth. Members of the Central Committee of the National Revolutionary Movement for Development and government officials held joint meetings in June 1990 to consider a 4-volume work on population and family planning problems in Rwanda prepared by the National Office of Population and to debate the social, psychological, religious, and financial constraints on family planning programs in Rwanda. The meetings stressed that the imbalance between population and production is at the root of a series of social, economic, and health problems. It is the basic cause of famines in some regions of Rwanda, which threaten to become endemic if nothing is done to modify the demographic situation. The public powers, who are responsible for the welfare of the population, cannot remain indifferent to the prospect of a population growth rate expected to accelerate from 3.6% per year to 4.5% by 2011 if nothing is done. Attempts have been made to reconcile the views of the Catholic Church with the need to control population growth in Rwanda. The ultimate objective of Rwanda's population policy is to achieve food self-sufficiency through a decline in fertility. Family planning must be promoted at the same time that efforts are made to reduce early childhood mortality, increase awareness of family welfare, and provide training in demography and family planning.

  • Source : ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Aspects entomologiques de la transmission d'Onchocerca volvulus par Simulium neavei dans le bassin du Sankuru (Kasaï oriental, République Démocratique du Congo).

  • •Dans le cadre de l'évaluation de l'impact à long terme du Traitement par l'Ivermectine sous Directives Communautaires (TIDC), des données entomologiques de base concernant la transmission de l'onchocercose ont été recueillies de juillet 1998 à janvier 1999 en zone forestière dans la Province du Kasaï Oriental. Seules des simulies du complexe Simulium neavei ont été capturées. La nuisance simulidienne était faible, le nombre moyen de piqûres par homme et par jour étant de 32,5. Le taux moyen de parturité était de 29,4%, le taux moyen de femelles infectieuses de 15,4% et le nombre moyen de larves d'onchocerques infectantes pour 1000 simulies femelles pares de 659. Au regard de ces résultats, il apparaît très nettement que la population de S. neavei étudiée présente une capacité vectorielle élevée et qu'il existe un important réservoir de microfilaires. La zone d'étude présente les caractéristiques entomologiques d'un foyer de type hyper-endémique.

  • Source : ncbi.nlm.nih.gov